Modeling and Model-based Control of Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) Engine Dynamics

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Abstract

The Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) principle holds promise to increase efficiency and to reduce emissions from internal combustion engines. As HCCI combustion lacks direct ignition timing control and auto-ignition depends on the operating condition, control of auto-ignition is necessary. Since auto-ignition of a homogeneous mixture is very sensitive to operating conditions, a fast combustion phasing control is necessary for reliable operation. To this purpose, HCCI modeling and model-based control with experimental validation were studied. A six-cylinder heavy-duty HCCI engine was controlled on a cycle-to-cycle basis in real time using a variety of sensors, actuators and control structures for control of the HCCI combustion in comparison. The controllers were based on linearizations of a previously presented physical, nonlinear, model of HCCI including cylinder wall temperature dynamics. The control signals were the inlet air temperature and the inlet valve closing. A system for fast thermal management was installed and controlled using mid-ranging control. The resulting control performance was experimentally evaluated in terms of response time and steady-state output variance. For a given operating point, a comparable decrease in steady-state output variance was obtained either by introducing a disturbance model or by changing linearization point. The robustness towards disturbances was investigated as well as the effects of varying the prediction and control horizons. Increasing the horizons had a very limited effect on the closed-loop performance while increasing the computational demands substantially. As shown in the paper, modeling constitutes a necessary element for embedded networked control design applied to HCCI combustion engine design.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNester 2009: Networked Embedded and Control System Technologies: European and Russian R&D Cooperation, Proceedings
PublisherInstitute for Systems and Technologies of Information, Control and Communication
Pages31-44
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Event1st International Workshop on Networked Embedded and Control System Technologies/European and Russian R&D Cooperation Workshop - Milan, Italy
Duration: 2009 Jul 42009 Jul 5

Conference

Conference1st International Workshop on Networked Embedded and Control System Technologies/European and Russian R&D Cooperation Workshop
Country/TerritoryItaly
CityMilan
Period2009/07/042009/07/05

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Control Engineering

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