Molecular basis of cell-biomaterial interaction: Insights gained from transcriptomic and proteomic studies

William M. Gallagher, Iseult Lynch, Lorcan T. Allen, Ian Miller, Stephen C. Penney, Darran P. O'Connor, Stephen Pennington, Alan K. Keenan, Kenneth A. Dawson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

53 Citations (SciVal)


With the growing interest in clinical interventions that involve medical devices, the role for new biomaterials in modern medicine is currently expanding at a phenomenal rate. Failure of most implant materials stems from an inability to predict and control biological phenomena, such as protein adsorption and cell interaction, resulting in an inappropriate host response to the materials. Contemporary advances in biological investigation are starting to shift focus in the biomaterials field, in particular with the advent of high-throughput methodologies for gene and protein expression profiling. Here, we examine the role that emerging transcriptomic and proteomic technologies could play in relation to biomaterial development and usage. Moreover, a number of studies are highlighted which have utilized such approaches in order to try to create a deeper understanding of cell-biomaterial interactions and, hence, improve our ability to predict and control the biocompatibility of new materials. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5871-5882
Issue number35
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Bioengineering Equipment


  • mass
  • proteomics
  • DNA microarrays
  • biocompatibility
  • transcriptomics
  • cell interaction
  • spectrometry


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