Mortality, Causes of Death and Risk Factors for Death Among Primary Amphetamine Users in the Swedish Criminal Justice System

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Abstract

This study examined mortality and predictors of death in 1,396 primary amphetamine users (85% males) who were interviewed with the Addiction Severity Index in the Swedish criminal justice system during 2000-2006 and followed through 2008. Forty-nine clients deceased (standardized mortality ratio 4.1 [3.0-5.4]), at least 84% of deaths were violent or drug-related (12% suicides), and Cox regression analysis indicated that death was associated with frequent use of sedatives and less frequent use of amphetamine. No female deaths were observed; death and male gender were associated in binary analysis. Implications for diagnostics and treatment are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)262-269
JournalSubstance Use & Misuse
Volume49
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Substance Abuse

Keywords

  • amphetamine
  • mortality
  • criminal justice
  • sedatives
  • stimulants

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