National survey of physicians in Swedish child health centres finds insecurity and unawareness regarding management of undescended testicles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aim: To investigate underlying factors for previously reported shortcomings in child health centres' (CHC) referral process of boys with undescended testicles. Methods: A total of 386 physicians working at Swedish CHCs were surveyed regarding their knowledge about undescended testicles and their clinical management. Multivariate regression analyses were performed to identify risk factors of non-adherence to guidelines and self-reported lack of clinical skills. Results: The overall knowledge of the health benefits of undescended testicle surgery was high (89%), while two-thirds were unaware of surgery being recommended <1 year of age. One-fifth of respondents had never received guidance on examination techniques. Male gender (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 0.51, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 0.31–0.86), education in paediatrics (aOR 0.37, 95% CI 0.18–0.76) and more experience (aOR 0.02, 95% CI 0.01–0.09) significantly decreased the risk of unfamiliarity with examinations. More experience decreased the risk of stating the incorrect indications for undescended testicle surgery (aOR 0.17, 95% CI 0.03–0.95) and finding examinations difficult (aOR 0.22, 95% CI 0.07–0.72). Medical education outside Nordic countries was a risk factor for unawareness of guidelines (aOR 2.06, 95% CI 1.21–3.51). Conclusion: The knowledge and confidence level of the study population varied widely. The results indicate a need for further theoretical and practical education among Swedish CHC physicians.

Original languageEnglish
JournalActa Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2024

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Family Medicine

Free keywords

  • child health centres
  • experience
  • physical examination
  • survey
  • undescended testicle

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