Natural variations of precursors in pig meat affect the yield of heterocyclic amines - Effects of RN genotype, feeding regime, and sex

V Olsson, A Solyakov, Kerstin Skog, K Lundstrom, M Jagerstad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (SciVal)


Pig meat shows natural variations in the concentrations of precursors of heterocyclic amines (HCAs), which may affect formation of HCAs in cooked pig meat. To study this, 26 pigs with an inherent genetic variation (carriers and noncarriers of the RN- allele) were subjected to different feeding regimes (conventional feed compared with feed composed according to organic standards). In addition, the effect of sex (castrated males or females) was considered when assessing chemical and technological meat quality parameters. Concentrations of precursors of HCAs, i.e., creatine, residual glycogen, dipeptides, and free amino acids, were analyzed in the raw meat, and the levels of some HCAs (4,8-DiMelQx, MelQx, PhIP, harman, and norharman) were then determined in fried meat patties prepared from these pigs. The FIN genotype most affected technological meat quality parameters and the level of precursors of HCAs, especially the level of residual glycogen, where carriers of the RN- allele showed levels four times as high as those of noncarriers (75.3 +/- 2.6 compared with 17.2 +/- 2.4,mumol/g meat, least-squares means +/- SE). The increased level of residual glycogen resulted in about 50% lower amounts of total mutagenic HCAs in cooked meat compared with cooked meat from normal pigs. Fried meat from carriers of the RN- allele obtained darker crust color than meat from noncarriers. Feeding regime and sex did not significantly affect the chemical composition of the meat or the formation of HCAs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2962-2969
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Bibliographical note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015.
The record was previously connected to the following departments: Applied Nutrition and Food Chemistry (011001300)

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Agricultural Science, Forestry and Fisheries


  • pig meat quality
  • heterocyclic amines
  • PhIP
  • precursors
  • mutagens
  • RN- allele


Dive into the research topics of 'Natural variations of precursors in pig meat affect the yield of heterocyclic amines - Effects of RN genotype, feeding regime, and sex'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this