New Approaches to Optimizing Early Diets.

Staffan Polberger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (SciVal)


Most extremely low birthweight (ELBW; <1,000 g) infants will survive if cared for at a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit, and should be given optimal nutrition for brain development. Human milk confers nutritional and non-nutritional advantages over infant formula, and is started during the first hours of life. In Sweden, most ELBW infants are fed individually with mother's own milk (preferred) and banked milk, with supplementary parenteral nutrition. There is an enormous variation particularly in the fat and protein content of milk between mothers, during the day and the course of lactation. Infrared macronutrient analyses on 24-hour collections of mother's milk are performed once a week allowing for optimal protein and energy intakes. All banked milk is analyzed, and the most protein-rich milk is given to a newborn ELBW infant. After 2 weeks, the milk may be fortified if the protein or energy intakes need to be further increased, and fortification is continued throughout the tube-feeding period. Parenteral nutrition is continued until the enteral intake constitutes 75-80% of the total volume intake. Protein markers, e.g. serum urea and transthyretin, are assessed, and growth is monitored by measurements of weight, crown-heel length and head circumference.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-208
JournalNestle Nutrition workshop series. Paediatric programme
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Pediatrics


Dive into the research topics of 'New Approaches to Optimizing Early Diets.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this