Immunomodulatory effects of various factor VIII and factor IX clotting factor concentrates (CFCs) and of albumin were evaluated by a sensitive assay measuring the incorporation of 3H-thymidine in phytohaemagglutinin-stimulated lymphocytes in the presence of monodansylthiacadaverine. In contrast to previous findings by others, we found lymphocyte transformation to be inhibited by all plasma-derived factor VIII concentrates at concentrations of 0.02, 0.2 and 2.0 IU/ml, including those purified by monoclonal antibodies (P < 0.05). Kryobulin TIM3 had the most pronounced effect. In addition, three plasma-derived human albumin preparations exerted a similar inhibitory effect as the factor VIII concentrates, whereas the corresponding plasma-derived factor IX concentrates only manifested minor immunomodulatory effects. Of the recombinant preparations, only Recombinate exerted an inhibitory effect at 0.02 and 0.2 IU/ml, whereas both Kogenate and Recombinate decreased 3H-thymidine incorporation at 2.0 IU/ml (P = 0.01). No immunomodulatory effect at all was observed with r-VIII SQ, a new B-domain-deleted recombinant factor VIII preparation free from added albumin. The significance of this finding regarding immunological side-effects including inhibitor development remains to be evaluated, but this second-generation recombinant product opens up new and interesting perspectives yet to be explored.
|Journal||British Journal of Haematology|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|
Bibliographical noteThe information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015.
The record was previously connected to the following departments: Emergency medicine/Medicine/Surgery (013240200), Clinical Coagulation Research Unit (013242510)
Subject classification (UKÄ)
- immunomodulatory effects
- clotting factor concentrates
- lymphocyte transformation
- factor VIII
- factor IX