Nontangential limits in Pt(µ)-spaces and the index of invariant subgroups

Alexandru Aleman, Stefan Richter, Carl Sundberg

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14 Citations (SciVal)



Let μ be a finite positive
measure on the closed disk D¯
in the complex plane, let 1 ≤ t < ∞,
and let Pt(μ)
denote the closure of the analytic polynomials in
Lt(μ). We suppose
that D
is the set of analytic bounded point evaluations for
Pt(μ), and
that Pt(μ)
contains no nontrivial characteristic functions. It is then known that the restriction of
μ to
∂D must be of the form
h|dz|. We prove that every
function f ∈ Pt(μ) has nontangential
limits at h|dz|-almost
every point of ∂D,
and the resulting boundary function agrees with
f as an
element of Lt(h|dz|).

Our proof combines methods from James E. Thomson’s proof of the existence of bounded point
evaluations for Pt(μ)
whenever Pt(μ)≠Lt(μ)
with Xavier Tolsa’s remarkable recent results on analytic capacity. These methods allow
us to refine Thomson’s results somewhat. In fact, for a general compactly supported
measure ν
in the complex plane we are able to describe locations of bounded point evaluations
for Pt(ν) in
terms of the Cauchy transform of an annihilating measure.

As a consequence of our result we answer in the affirmative a conjecture of Conway and Yang. We
show that for 1 < t < ∞ dim
ℳ∕zℳ = 1 for every nonzero
invariant subspace ℳ
of Pt(μ) if and
only if h≠0.

We also investigate the boundary behaviour of the functions in
Pt(μ) near the
points z ∈ ∂D
where h(z) = 0. In
particular, for 1 < t < ∞
we show that there are interpolating sequences for
that accumulate nontangentially almost everywhere on
{z : h(z) = 0}.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)449-490
JournalAnnals of Mathematics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Mathematics


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