Novel Method for Osmotic Conductance to Glucose in Peritoneal Dialysis

Giedre Martus, Karin Bergling, Ole Simonsen, Eric Goffin, Johann Morelle, Carl M. Öberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: The osmotic conductance to glucose (OCG) is a crucial determinant of ultrafiltration (UF) in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients and can be used to monitor membrane integrity in patients on long-term PD. It has been proposed that OCG can be assessed based on drained volumes in 2 consecutive 1-hour glucose dwells, usually 1.5% and 4.25% glucose, in a so-called double mini-peritoneal equilibration test (dm-PET). However, recent data indicated that the dm-PET provides a poor estimate of OCG unless the residual volume (RV) is taken into account. We introduce an easy, robust, and accurate method to measure OCG and compare it with conventional methods. Methods: In a prospective cohort of 21 PD patients, a modified version of the dm-PET was performed, along with the determination of RV before, between, and after dwells. Based on computer simulations derived from the 3-pore model (TPM) for membrane permeability, we developed and validated a novel single-dwell method to estimate OCG. We next validated the equation in an independent cohort consisting of 32 PD patients. Results: Single-dwell OCG correlated more closely with actual UF (r = 0.94 vs. r = 0.07 for conventional dm-PET), sodium sieving, and free water transport (FWT) compared with other methods. These findings were replicated in the validation cohort in which OCG calculated using the single-dwell method closely correlated with parameters of osmotic water transport, even when RV was not taken into account, using only drained volumes. Conclusion: We propose a novel, easy, and robust single-dwell method to determine OCG in individual patients and to monitor membrane integrity over time on PD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1974-1981
Number of pages8
JournalKidney International Reports
Volume5
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Urology and Nephrology

Keywords

  • osmotic conductance
  • osmotic water transport
  • peritoneal dialysis
  • peritoneal equilibration test
  • ultrafiltration

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