Novel missense ACAN gene variants linked to familial osteochondritis dissecans cluster in the C-terminal globular domain of aggrecan

Eva-Lena Stattin, Karin Lindblom, André Struglics, Patrik Önnerfjord, Jack Goldblatt, Abhijit Dixit, Ajoy Sarkar, Tabitha Randell, Mohnish Suri, Cathleen Raggio, Jessica Davis, Erin Carter, Anders Aspberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The cartilage aggrecan proteoglycan is crucial for both skeletal growth and articular cartilage function. A number of aggrecan (ACAN) gene variants have been linked to skeletal disorders, ranging from short stature to severe chondrodyplasias. Osteochondritis dissecans is a disorder where articular cartilage and subchondral bone fragments come loose from the articular surface. We previously reported a missense ACAN variant linked to familial osteochondritis dissecans, with short stature and early onset osteoarthritis, and now describe three novel ACAN gene variants from additional families with this disorder. Like the previously described variant, these are autosomal dominant missense variants, resulting in single amino acid residue substitutions in the C-type lectin repeat of the aggrecan G3 domain. Functional studies showed that neither recombinant variant proteins, nor full-length variant aggrecan proteoglycan from heterozygous patient cartilage, were secreted to the same level as wild-type aggrecan. The variant proteins also showed decreased binding to known cartilage extracellular matrix ligands. Mapping these and other ACAN variants linked to hereditary skeletal disorders showed a clustering of osteochondritis dissecans-linked variants to the G3 domain. Taken together, this supports a link between missense ACAN variants affecting the aggrecan G3 domain and hereditary osteochondritis dissecans.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5215
Pages (from-to)1-13
JournalScientific Reports
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Rheumatology and Autoimmunity
  • Cell and Molecular Biology
  • Medical Genetics

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