Numerical Modeling of Chemical Kinetics, Spray Dynamics, and Turbulent Combustion towards Sustainable Aviation

Arvid Åkerblom, Martin Passad, Alessandro Ercole, Niklas Zettervall, Elna J.K. Nilsson, Christer Fureby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

With growing interest in sustainable civil supersonic and hypersonic aviation, there is a need to model the combustion of alternative, sustainable jet fuels. This work presents numerical simulations of several related phenomena, including laminar flames, ignition, and spray flames. Two conventional jet fuels, Jet A and JP-5, and two alternative jet fuels, C1 and C5, are targeted. The laminar burning velocities of these fuels are predicted using skeletal and detailed reaction mechanisms. The ignition delay times are predicted in the context of dual-mode ramjet engines. Large Eddy Simulations (LES) of spray combustion in an aeroengine are carried out to investigate how the different thermodynamic and chemical properties of alternative fuels lead to different emergent behavior. A novel set of thermodynamic correlations are developed for the spray model. The laminar burning velocity predictions are normalized by heat of combustion to reveal a more distinct fuel trend, with C1 burning slowest and C5 fastest. The ignition results highlight the contributions of the Negative Temperature Coefficient (NTC) effect, equivalence ratio, and hydrogen enrichment in determining ignition time scales in dual-mode ramjet engines. The spray results reveal that the volatile alternative jet fuels have short penetration depths and that the flame of the most chemically divergent fuel (C1) stabilizes relatively close to the spray.

Original languageEnglish
Article number31
JournalAerospace
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Energy Engineering

Free keywords

  • chemical kinetics
  • combustion
  • jet engines
  • LES
  • numerical simulations
  • spray
  • supersonic
  • sustainable aviation fuel
  • turbulence

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