Numerical simulation of biomass gasification in fluidized bed gasifiers

Miao Yang, Seyed Morteza Mousavi, Hesammedin Fatehi, Xue Song Bai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Numerical simulation of biomass gasification in fluidized bed reactors faces several challenges including proper modeling of the physical and chemical processes involved in the gasification and numerical stiffness of the two-phase dense particle flow problem. In this paper, the multi-phase particle-in-cell (MP-PIC) model coupled with a recently developed distribution kernel method (DKM) and a new one-step pyrolysis model are employed to investigate biomass gasification in two lab-scale fluidized bed gasifiers (FBGs). The results are evaluated by comparing with the results from the Particle Centroid Method (PCM) and experimental measurements. The performance of DKM is shown to improve the robustness of the model and the new pyrolysis model is shown to improve the sensitivity of the yields of gasification products to operating temperature. The simulation results using the new pyrolysis model agree well with the experimental data under different gasification conditions. The model is shown to be able to capture the trend of gas products with respect to variations of steam/biomass ratio (SR) and operating temperature (Tr). The mechanisms of the formation of gas products are analyzed based on the numerical results. By increasing the SR and Tr, the production of H2 and CO2 is shown to increase while the production of CO and CH4 to decrease. It is shown that varying the steam/biomass ratio in the range of 0.8∼2.0 has a minor effect on the pyrolysis process and heterogeneous reactions, while homogeneous reactions are significantly affected, leading to changes in the final composition of the gas products. Varying the gasifier temperature Tr has on the other hand a crucial effect on the pyrolysis process and as such a significant impact on the gasification products and carbon conversion.

Original languageEnglish
Article number127104
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Apr 1

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Energy Engineering

Free keywords

  • CFD simulation
  • DKM
  • Empirical pyrolysis model
  • FBG
  • Gasification
  • MP-PIC


Dive into the research topics of 'Numerical simulation of biomass gasification in fluidized bed gasifiers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this