Optical soot characterization using two-color laser-induced incandescence (2C-LII) in the soot growth region of a premixed flat flame

Henrik Bladh, Jonathan Johnsson, Nils-Erik Olofsson, Alexis Bohlin, Per-Erik Bengtsson

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Abstract

The soot growth region of a premixed one-dimensional ethylene/air flame has been investigated using two-color laser-induced incandescence (2C-LII) with focus on optical soot properties. From the 2C-LII technique, primary soot particle sizes were deduced together with the temperature from pyrometry of the laser-heated particles, while the gas temperatures were obtained from pure rotational CARS nitrogen thermometry. Soot particle sizes were also measured from thermophoretically sampled soot particles analyzed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and the results showed growing isolated primary soot particles up to a height of 10 mm, after which strong soot aggregation occurred and the increase in soot primary particle size ceased. The measured data was used in the evaluation of the soot absorption function, E(m), and a strong increase by a factor of two was observed from the lowest heights to the highest for assumed constant values of soot density and specific heat at all heights. By comparing the 2C-LII particle sizes with the sizes obtained from TEM, differences were observed. Part of the explanation is that the 2C-LII evaluation did not take aggregation into account, but it is additionally speculated that the thermal accommodation coefficient decreases with height above burner. These results are interesting in view of morphological and composition changes of the soot during the growth process and have implications for the use of 2C-LII as a soot diagnostic technique. (C) 2010 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)641-648
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Volume33
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics

Keywords

  • Laser-induced incandescence
  • Soot formation
  • Premixed flat flames
  • Soot
  • optical properties
  • Soot absorption function

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