Optimisation of a dosing strategy for an HC-SCR diesel exhaust after-treatment system

B Westerberg, C Kunkel, Ingemar Odenbrand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Several principal aspects and components of an advanced catalytic exhaust after-treatment system for NO, reduction on a heavy-duty diesel truck engine have been systematically examined and evaluated. The after-treatment system consists of de-NO, catalysts, injection of a reducing agent (diesel fuel), and computer programs to model the engine and catalysts in real time. These models are combined with a third program, a strategy, to control the injection of reducing agent during transient operation. Evaluation of the system was performed using the standard European transient cycle (ETC). The benefits and disadvantages of an oxidation catalyst upstream the reductant injection are clarified. Whereas an increased NO2/NO ratio is beneficial at larger reductant dosages, the effects of temperature levelling and delay are detrimental for system performance. The dynamic effect of introducing a strategy for distributing the reducing agent in time is elucidated. The strategy itself is presented and the process of its systematic optimisation is closely followed. Implications of the optimisation are that catalyst temperature is the most important variable in the strategy. Also, a considerable part of the reducing agent should be distributed at low and intermediate temperatures, for utilising an increased NO2/NO ratio. Furthermore, results suggest that a smooth, rather than instantaneous, adjustment of reductant dosage to driving conditions is necessary. Finally, a set-up with two injectors is examined for its potential in the application. It is shown to be of disadvantage for the ETC as a whole, but may not be so at lower exhaust gas flows.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-217
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume87
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Chemical Engineering

Free keywords

  • European transient cycle
  • after-treatment system
  • NOx reduction

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