Optimization of GaN Nanowires Reformation Process by Metalorganic Chemical Vapor Deposition for Device-Quality GaN Templates

Rosalia Delgado Carrascon, Dat Quoc Tran, Pitsiri Sukkaew, Alyssa Mock, Rafal Ciechonski, Jonas Ohlsson, Yadan Zhu, Olof Hultin, Bo Monemar, Plamen P. Paskov, Lars Samuelson, Vanya Darakchieva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Herein, the potential of reformed GaN nanowires (NWs) fabricated by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) for device-quality low-defect density templates and low-cost alternative to bulk GaN substrates is demonstrated. The effects of epilayer thickness and NW reformation conditions on the crystalline quality and thermal conductivity of the subsequent GaN epilayers are investigated. Smooth surfaces with atomically step-like morphologies with no spirals are achieved for GaN epilayers on the reformed NW templates, indicating step-flow growth mode. It is further found that annealing of the NWs at a temperature of 1030 °C in the presence of NH3 and H2, followed by a coalescence done at the same temperature under planar growth conditions, leads to the most efficient screw dislocation density reduction by nearly an order of magnitude. At these optimized conditions, the growth takes place in a layer-by-layer fashion, producing a smooth surface with a root mean square (RMS) roughness of 0.12 nm. The highest thermal conductivity of k = 206 W m−1 K−1, approaching the respective value of bulk GaN, is obtained for the optimized 2 μm-thick GaN layer. The thermal conductivity results are further discussed in terms of the phonon-dislocation and the phonon-boundary scattering.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1900581
JournalPhysica Status Solidi (B) Basic Research
Issue number4
Early online date2019
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Apr

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Condensed Matter Physics


  • dislocation densities
  • GaN
  • nanowires
  • thermal conductivity


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