Herein, the potential of reformed GaN nanowires (NWs) fabricated by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) for device-quality low-defect density templates and low-cost alternative to bulk GaN substrates is demonstrated. The effects of epilayer thickness and NW reformation conditions on the crystalline quality and thermal conductivity of the subsequent GaN epilayers are investigated. Smooth surfaces with atomically step-like morphologies with no spirals are achieved for GaN epilayers on the reformed NW templates, indicating step-flow growth mode. It is further found that annealing of the NWs at a temperature of 1030 °C in the presence of NH3 and H2, followed by a coalescence done at the same temperature under planar growth conditions, leads to the most efficient screw dislocation density reduction by nearly an order of magnitude. At these optimized conditions, the growth takes place in a layer-by-layer fashion, producing a smooth surface with a root mean square (RMS) roughness of 0.12 nm. The highest thermal conductivity of k = 206 W m−1 K−1, approaching the respective value of bulk GaN, is obtained for the optimized 2 μm-thick GaN layer. The thermal conductivity results are further discussed in terms of the phonon-dislocation and the phonon-boundary scattering.
|Journal||Physica Status Solidi (B) Basic Research|
|Early online date||2019|
|Publication status||Published - 2020 Apr|
Subject classification (UKÄ)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- dislocation densities
- thermal conductivity
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