Origin of pathogenic variant and mosaicism in families with a sporadic case of haemophilia B

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Abstract

Introduction: Of newly diagnosed cases of haemophilia B, the proportion of sporadic cases is usually 50% of severe cases and 25% of moderate/mild cases. However, cases presumed to be sporadic due to family history may not always be sporadic. Few case reports have been published on mosaicism in haemophilia B. Aim: The present study aimed to trace the origin of the pathogenic variant in a well-defined cohort of sporadic cases of haemophilia B by haplotyping markers. It also aimed to determine the frequency of mosaicism in presumed non-carrier mothers. Methods: The study group was 40 families, each with a sporadic case of haemophilia B analysed in two-to-three generations by Sanger sequencing, haplotyping and using the sensitive droplet digital polymerase chain reaction (ddPCR) technique. Results: In 31/40 (78%) of the families, the mother carried the same pathogenic variant as her son, while Sanger sequencing showed that 9/40 (22%) of the mothers did not carry this variant. Of these variants, 2/9 (22%) were shown to be mosaics by using the ddPCR technique. 16/21 carrier mothers, with samples from three generations available, had a de novo pathogenic variant of which 14 derived from the healthy maternal grandfather. Conclusion: The origin of the pathogenic variant in sporadic cases of haemophilia B is most often found in the X-chromosome derived from the maternal grandfather or, less often, from the maternal grandmother. Mosaic females seem to be found at the same frequency as in haemophilia A but at a lower percentage of the pathogenic variant.

Original languageEnglish
JournalHaemophilia
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 The Authors. Haemophilia published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Hematology

Free keywords

  • ddPCR
  • F9 gene
  • factor IX
  • haemophilia
  • haemophilia B
  • mosaicism
  • X-chromosome

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