Osteoarthritis of the peripheral joints

IF Petersson, Lennart Jacobsson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

89 Citations (SciVal)


Osteoarthritis (OA) is a complex process affecting many different joint areas in the body. From a pathophysiological point of view some features are crucial for the diagnosis, such as cartilage fibrillation and thinning, subchondral sclerosis and the presence of osteophytes. From a clinical perspective, OA is the most prevalent rheumatic joint disorder, causing pain and stiffness of the joints and, for the individual, impaired function and health status. The aim of this chapter is to present current knowledge of definitions of OA, its presence in different populations and in different joint areas (the back excluded). Furthermore, methods of diagnosing and delineating clinically relevant forms of OA, now and in the future, are presented as well as current knowledge of the risk factors for developing and the factors for preventing OA.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)741-760
JournalBaillière's Best Practice & Research: Clinical Rheumatology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Rheumatology and Autoimmunity


  • osteoarthritis
  • prevalence
  • incidence
  • criteria
  • definitions
  • risk
  • grading systems
  • factors


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