Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical outcome for different indications for PCI in an unselected, nationwide PCI population at short-and long-term follow-up. Methods and results: We evaluated clinical outcome up to six years after PCI in all patients undergoing a PCI procedure for different indications in Sweden between 2006 and 2010. A total of 70,479 patients were treated for stable coronary artery disease (CAD) (21.0%), unstable angina (11.0%), non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) (36.6%) and ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) (31.4%). Mortality was higher in STEMI patients at one year after PCI (9.6%) compared to NSTEMI (4.7%), unstable angina (2.2%) and stable CAD (2.0%). At one year after PCI until the end of follow-up, the adjusted mortality risk (one to six years after PCI) and the risk of myocardial infarction were comparable between NSTEMI and STEMI patients and lower in patients with unstable angina and stable CAD. The adjusted risk of stent thrombosis and heart failure was highest in STEMI patients. Conclusions: The risk of short-term mortality, heart failure and stent thrombosis is highest for STEMI patients after PCI. Therapies to reduce stent thrombosis and heart failure appear to be most important in decreasing mortality in patients with STEMI or NSTEMI undergoing PCI.
Subject classification (UKÄ)
- Clinical Medicine
- Coronary artery disease
- Myocardial infarction
- Percutaneous coronary intervention