Outcomes of antiretroviral treatment: a comparison between hospitals and health centers in ethiopia.

Taye Balcha, Anders Jeppsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: The objective of this study was to compare the outcomes of antiretroviral therapy (ART) between hospital and health center levels in Ethiopia. METHODS: Medical records of 1709 ART patients followed for 24 months at 2 hospitals and 3 health centers in the Oromia region of Ethiopia were reviewed. Noted outcomes of ART were currently alive and on treatment; lost to follow-up (LTFU); transferred out (TO); and died (D). RESULTS: Of 1709 HIV-positive patients started on ART between September 2006 and February 2007, 1044 (61%) remained alive and were on treatment after 24-month follow-up. In all, 835 (57%) of ART patients at hospitals and 209 (83%) at health centers were retained in the program. Of those who were alive and receiving ART, 79% of patients at health centers and 72% at hospitals were clinically or immunologically improving. In addition, 331 (23%) patients at hospitals were LFTU as compared to 24 (10%) of patients at health centers (relative risk [RR] at 95% confidence interval [CI]: .358 [.231-.555]). While 11% was the mortality rate at hospitals, 5% of patients at health centers also died (RR at 95% CI: .360 [.192-.673]). CONCLUSION: Antiretroviral therapy at health centers was associated with more favorable outcomes than at hospitals.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)318-324
JournalJournal of the International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Environmental Health and Occupational Health


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