We review our recent low-temperature absorption, circular dichroism ( CD), magnetic CD (MCD), fluorescence and laser-selective measurements of oxygen-evolving Photosystem II ( PSII) core complexes and their constituent CP43, CP47 and D1/D2/cytb(559) sub-assemblies. Quantitative comparisons reveal that neither absorption nor fluorescence spectra of core complexes are simple additive combinations of the spectra of the sub-assemblies. The absorption spectrum of the D1/D2/cytb(559) component embedded within the core complex appears significantly better structured and red-shifted compared to that of the isolated sub-assembly. A characteristic MCD reduction or 'deficit' is a useful signature for the central chlorins in the reaction centre. We note a congruence of the MCD deficit spectra of the isolated D1/D2/cytb(559) sub-assemblies to their laser-induced transient bleaches associated with P680. A comparison of spectra of core complexes prepared from different organisms helps distinguish features due to inner light-harvesting assemblies and the central reaction-centre chlorins. Electrochromic spectral shifts in core complexes that occur following low-temperature illumination of active core complexes arise from efficient charge separation and subsequent plastoquinone anion (Q(A)(-)) formation. Such measurements allow determinations of both charge-separation efficiencies and spectral characteristics of the primary acceptor, Pheo(D1). Efficient charge separation occurs with excitation wavelengths as long as 700 nm despite the illuminations being performed at 1.7 K and with an extremely low level of incident power density. A weak, homogeneously broadened, charge-separating state of PSII lies obscured beneath the CP47 state centered at 690 nm. We present new data in the 690 - 760 nm region, clearly identifying a band extending to 730 nm. Active core complexes show remarkably strong persistent spectral hole-burning activity in spectral regions attributable to CP43 and CP47. Measurements of homogeneous hole-widths have established that, at low temperatures, excitation transfer from these inner light-harvesting assemblies to the reaction centre occurs with similar to 70 - 270 ps(-1) rates, when the quinone acceptor is reduced. The rate is slower for lower-energy sub-populations of an inhomogeneously broadened antenna ( trap) pigment. The complex low-temperature fluorescence behaviour seen in PSII is explicable in terms of slow excitation transfer from traps to the weak low-energy charge-separating state and transfer to the more intense reaction-centre excitations near 685 nm. The nature and origin of the charge-separating state in oxygen-evolving PSII preparations is briefly discussed.
Subject classification (UKÄ)
- Biological Sciences