Palearctic Sympiesis acalle and Sympiesis gordius (Hymenoptera : Eulophidae) in North America: Taxonomic changes and a review of Nearctic host records

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Abstract

The Palearctic eulophids, Sympiesis acalle (Walker) and S. gordius (Walker), are widespread in North America where they have been known as S. bimaculatipennis Girault and S. marylandensis Girault. respectively. To update their taxonomy, we have established seven new synonyms: Astichus bimaculatipennis Girault, Sympiesis bimaculata Crawford, and S. meteori Girault = S. acalle (Walker); and, S. marylandensis Girault, S. rex Girault, S. miltoni Girault, and S. lexingtonensis Girault = S. gordius (Walker). We also have designated six lectotypes: Eulophus acalle Walker, E. gordius Walker, E. alaparus Walker, E. pisenor Walker, Sympiesis rex Girault, and S. lexingtonensis Girault. Finally, we summarize the North American host records of Sympiesis acalle and S. gordius, which frequently Lire cited as biocontrol agents of pestiferous leafminers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-23
JournalProceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington
Volume108
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Zoology

Keywords

  • leafminer
  • Phyllonorycter
  • Sympiesis
  • Sympiesis marylandensis
  • bimaculatipennis
  • Eulophidae
  • hosts

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