Paleolithic diets

Staffan Lindeberg, Maelán Fontes Villalba, Pedro Carrera-Bastos, Lynda Frassetto

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review


If, as indicated by some studies, prudent diets such as the Mediterranean or DASH diets can be further improved, an evolutionary approach may be helpful. Paleolithic diets represent the food habits during more than two million years of hominid and human evolution before the development of agriculture. Fruits, tubers, nuts, lean meat, larvae, insects, fish, shellfish, eggs, honey, and a large variety of vegetables have been staple foods. Contemporary non-Western populations with similar lifestyles have shown exceptionally low rates of cardiovascular disease, obesity, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and hypertension. Available evidence lends some support in favor, and less against, the notion that Paleolithic diets are an appropriate template in the dietary prevention and treatment of cardiometabolic diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNutrition and Cardiometabolic Health
PublisherCRC Press
ISBN (Electronic)9781498704274
ISBN (Print)9781498704267
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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