Parameter space mapping of InAs nanowire crystal structure

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Abstract

Crystal structure and defects have been shown to have a strong impact on III-V nanowire properties. Recently, it was demonstrated that the issue of random stacking and polytypism in semiconductor nanowires can often be controlled using accessible growth parameters (such as temperature, diameter, and V/III ratio). In addition, it has been shown that crystal phase can be tuned selectively between cubic zinc blende and hexagonal wurtzite within individual nanowires of III-V materials such as InAs. In order for such results to be generally applied to different growth setups, it is necessary to fully explore and understand the trends governing crystal phase dependencies on all accessible growth parameters, including how they relate to each other. In this study, the authors have systematically investigated the influence of temperature, diameter, V/III ratio, and total mass flow on the crystal structure of InAs nanowires grown by metal-organic vapor phase epitaxy over a broad parameter range. The authors observed that each of these accessible parameters can affect the resulting crystal structure, and that the trends for each parameter are affected by the magnitude of the others. The authors also noted that most of the parameter dependencies are nonlinear and, in fact, exhibit threshold values at which structure changes discontinuously. By optimizing each of the growth parameters, it is shown that pure ZB or pure WZ phase can be achieved for several different sets of growth conditions. The roles of nucleation kinetics, thermodynamics, and precursor chemistry are also discussed to compare the results to current nanowire growth models. The results in this work should facilitate comparison of data and transfer of knowledge between different growth systems and techniques, which, in turn, should lead to greater understanding of polytypism in nanowires and greater control and freedom in nanowire crystal phase engineering. (C) 2011 American Vacuum Society. [DOI: 10.1116/1.3593457]
Original languageEnglish
Article number04D103
JournalJournal of Vacuum Science and Technology B
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Bibliographical note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015.
The record was previously connected to the following departments: Solid State Physics (011013006), Polymer and Materials Chemistry (LTH) (011001041)

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Chemical Sciences
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Keywords

  • chemical potential
  • crystal structure
  • III-V semiconductors
  • indium
  • compounds
  • MOCVD
  • nanofabrication
  • nanowires
  • nucleation
  • polymorphism
  • semiconductor growth
  • vapour phase epitaxial growth

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