Pension design and gender: Analyses of developed and developing countries

Ann Charlotte Ståhlberg, Agneta Kruse, Annika Sundén

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review


All societies have to face the problem no one can financially support her- or himself during all periods of life. Low earnings capacity may be caused by, for example, sickness, disability, unemployment, child rearing, widowhood and old age. Thus, all societies have to organize support for those without earnings capacity. Three broad ways can be distinguished: the family, the market and the state. In most societies, all three ways co-exist with one of them being dominant. The family model is dominant in developing countries while in industrialized countries a state model, in the form of a pay-as-you-go public pension, is most common.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGender and Social Security Reform
Subtitle of host publicationWhat's Fair for Women?
EditorsNeil Gilbert
Place of PublicationAbingdon
Number of pages43
ISBN (Electronic)9781351518116, 9780203791035
ISBN (Print)1412805228, 9781412805223
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jul 5

Publication series

NameInternational Social Security Series
PublisherRoutledge/Taylor & Francis Group

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Economic History
  • Social Work


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