Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation often involves the cryopreservation of stem cell products. Currently, the standard cryoprotective agent (CPA) is dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), which is known to cause concentration-related toxicity and side effects when administered to patients. Based on promising in vitro data from our previous study using pentaisomaltose (a 1 kDa subfraction of Dextran 1) as an alternative to DMSO for cryopreservation of hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) from apheresis products, we proceeded to a preclinical model and compared the two CPAs with respect to engraftment of human hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) in the immunodeficient NSG mouse model. Human HPCs from apheresis products were cryopreserved with either pentaisomaltose or DMSO, and the following outcomes were measured: (1) the post-thaw recovery of cryopreserved cells and clonogenic potential of CD34+ cells and (2) hematopoietic engraftment in NSG mice. We found that recovery and colony-forming cells data were comparable between pentaisomaltose and DMSO. The engraftment data revealed comparable human CD45+ levels in peripheral blood at 8 weeks and bone marrow at 16 weeks post transplantation. Additionally, the frequencies of CD34+CD38low/negative and myeloid/lymphoid cells in the bone marrow were comparable. We here demonstrated that long-term engrafting HSPCs were well preserved in pentaisomaltose and comparable to cells cryopreserved with DMSO. Although a clinical trial is necessary to translate these results into human use, the present data represent an important step toward the replacement of DMSO with a non-toxic alternative.
Subject classification (UKÄ)
- Cell and Molecular Biology
- CD34 cells
- cryoprotective agent
- hematopoietic progenitor cells