Pericyte-derived fibrotic scarring is conserved across diverse central nervous system lesions

David O. Dias, Jannis Kalkitsas, Yildiz Kelahmetoglu, Cynthia P. Estrada, Jemal Tatarishvili, Daniel Holl, Linda Jansson, Shervin Banitalebi, Mahmood Amiry-Moghaddam, Aurélie Ernst, Hagen B. Huttner, Zaal Kokaia, Olle Lindvall, Lou Brundin, Jonas Frisén, Christian Göritz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Fibrotic scar tissue limits central nervous system regeneration in adult mammals. The extent of fibrotic tissue generation and distribution of stromal cells across different lesions in the brain and spinal cord has not been systematically investigated in mice and humans. Furthermore, it is unknown whether scar-forming stromal cells have the same origin throughout the central nervous system and in different types of lesions. In the current study, we compared fibrotic scarring in human pathological tissue and corresponding mouse models of penetrating and non-penetrating spinal cord injury, traumatic brain injury, ischemic stroke, multiple sclerosis and glioblastoma. We show that the extent and distribution of stromal cells are specific to the type of lesion and, in most cases, similar between mice and humans. Employing in vivo lineage tracing, we report that in all mouse models that develop fibrotic tissue, the primary source of scar-forming fibroblasts is a discrete subset of perivascular cells, termed type A pericytes. Perivascular cells with a type A pericyte marker profile also exist in the human brain and spinal cord. We uncover type A pericyte-derived fibrosis as a conserved mechanism that may be explored as a therapeutic target to improve recovery after central nervous system lesions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5501
JournalNature Communications
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec 1

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Neurosciences

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