Permeability of parietal pleura to liquid and proteins

D Negrini, Daniele Venturoli, M I Townsley, R K Reed

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The permselectivity of the parietal pleura was determined in spontaneously breathing anesthetized rabbits and dogs. In rabbits, we injected intrapleurally 5 ml of 1-g/dl albumin solution containing 100 microCi of 131I-labeled albumin plus 100 microCi of either lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) or alpha 2-125I-macroglobulin. Dogs received 100 ml of 1-g/dl albumin solution containing 100 microCi of 131I-albumin plus 100 microCi of alpha 2-125I-macroglobulin. A transpleural pressure gradient was set, lowering the intracapsular pressure to -30 cmH2O. The solvent drag reflection coefficients (sigma f) were calculated as the ratio between tracer concentrations in capsular and pleural liquid collected at 60-180 min. In rabbits sigma f was 0.44 +/- 0.2 (SD) for albumin, 0.84 +/- 0.1 for LDH, and 0.93 +/- 0.05 for alpha 2-macroglobulin. In dogs sigma f was 0.30 +/- 0.19 for albumin and 0.53 +/- 0.15 for alpha 2-macroglobulin. The hydraulic conductivity of the parietal pleura was 2.18 +/- 1.54 in rabbits and 1.22 +/- 1.13 in dogs. The parietal pleura could be modeled by two pore populations with radii of 83-89 and 156-222 A. The permeability coefficient averaged 0.08-0.21 x 10(-6) cm/s for albumin, 0.06-0.09 x 10(-6) cm/s for LDH, and 0.01-0.03 x 10(-6) cm/s for alpha 2-macroglobulin.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)627-633
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1994

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Physiology


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