Insulin secretion is controlled by the beta cell's metabolic state, and the ability of the secretory granules to undergo exocytosis increases during glucose stimulation in a membrane potential-independent fashion. Here, we demonstrate that exocytosis of insulin-containing secretory granules depends on phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase (PI 4-kinase) activity and that inhibition of this enzyme suppresses glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. Intracellular application of phosphaticlylinositol 4-phosphate and phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate [Pl(4,5)P-2] stimulated exocytosis by promoting the priming of secretory granules for release and increasing the number of granules residing in a readily releasable pool. Reducing the cytoplasmic ADP concentration in a way mimicking the effects of glucose stimulation activated PI 4-kinase and increased exocytosis whereas changes of the ATP concentration in the physiological range had little effect. The PI(4,5)P-2-binding protein Ca2+-dependent activator protein for secretion (CAPS) is present in beta cells, and neutralization of the protein abolished both Ca2+- and PI(4,5)P-2-induced exocytosis. We conclude that ADP-induced changes in PI 4-kinase activity, via generation of Pl(4,5)P-2, represents a metabolic sensor in the beta cell by virtue of its capacity to regulate the release competence of the secretory granules.
Subject classification (UKÄ)
- Endocrinology and Diabetes
- Ca2+-dependent activator protein for secretion (CAPS)