Physical, chemical and biological processes for optimizing decentralized composting

W Hogland, Torleif Bramryd, M Marques, S Nimmermark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (SciVal)


On-site composting of nonpolluted organic wastes avoids costs and energy for transportation since the volume to be transported can be reduced to about 20% of the original. This paper describes the aerobic processes in a small-scale composting reactor, and evaluates how these processes can be optimized. The optimized composting process has a relatively short turnover time for organic matter; at the same time the temperature of about 60degreesC decreases the problems with pathogens and weeds in the mature compost. The compost produced has a high nutritional value, with high concentrations of especially nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus, while the contamination by heavy metals and other toxic substances are very low.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)330-336
JournalCompost Science & Utilization
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Bibliographical note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015.
The record was previously connected to the following departments: Department of Ecology (Closed 2011) (011006010), Department of Service Management and Service Studies (016530020)

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Ecology


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