Platelets regulate P-selectin expression and leukocyte rolling in inflamed venules of the pancreas

Aree Abdulla, Darbaz Awla, Hannes Hartman Magnusson, Haan Weiber, Bengt Jeppsson, Sara Regnér, Henrik Thorlacius

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Recent data suggest that platelets regulate inflammatory changes and tissue damage in acute pancreatitis although the role of platelets in leukocyte-endothelium interactions in the pancreatic microcirculation is not known. The aim of this study was to define the impact of platelets on leukocyte rolling and adhesion in acute pancreatitis. Acute pancreatitis was induced in C57BL/6 mice by caerulein challenge. Mice were treated with an a anti-GP1b alpha (CD42b) antibody, which depletes platelets, or a control antibody before caerulein. Leukocyte rolling and adhesion were determined by the use of intravital fluorescence microscopy 18 h after the last dose of caerulein. In separate experiments, leukocyte-endothelium interactions were determined before and after administration of an anti-P-selectin, anti-PSGL-1 and a control antibody in mice with caerulein pancreatitis. Circulating platelet-neutrophil aggregates and pancreatic P-selectin mRNA were quantified 1 and 6 h respectively after caerulein challenge. Caerulein administration increased leukocyte and platelet interactions in the pancreatic microvasculature, increased tissue damage and expression of P-selectin mRNA in the pancreas as well as platelet-neutrophil complexes in the circulation. Notably, platelet depletion markedly reduced caerulein-provoked leukocyte rolling and adhesion in postcapillary venules. Interestingly, depletion of platelets significantly decreased caerulein-induced gene expression of P-selectin in the pancreas. Moreover, immunoneutralization of P-selectin and PSGL-1 abolished leukocyte rolling in the pancreatic venules triggered by caerulein. Our novel findings demonstrate that platelets regulate leukocyte rolling in acute pancreatitis via induction of P-selectin, which was critical in supporting leukocyte rolling in inflamed venules of the pancreas. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)153-160
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volume682
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Pharmacology and Toxicology

Free keywords

  • Adhesion molecule
  • Endothelium
  • Inflammation
  • Intravital fluorescence
  • microscopy
  • Pancreas

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