Polarization effects in Raman spectroscopy of light-absorbing carbon

Kim Cuong Le, Jonatan Henriksson, Per-Erik Bengtsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Raman spectroscopy is widely used for characterization of carbon-based mate- rials including light-absorbing carbonaceous (LAC) matter. However, informa- tion on polarization properties of these materials are generally lacking, and often the polarization characteristics of experiments are not presented in the literature thereby giving uncertainty to presented data. In this work, the polari- zation properties of various LACs are studied using Raman spectroscopy. The Raman spectra have been compared while varying the relative polarization, particularly the relative direction of the electric field between the incident light and the detected scattered light. Specifically, the intensity ratio between the D1 and G peaks (ID1/IG) was analyzed in parallel and perpendicular polarization configurations for samples taken from a sooting flame, in the exhaust of a soot generator and carbon blacks. In this work, the parallel and perpendicular polarization configurations mean that the polarization of the detected scattered light is parallel and orthogonal, respectively, to the linearly polarized incident light. It was found that the (ID1/IG) ratio decreased in the more ordered carbo- naceous structures when changing the polarization configuration from parallel to perpendicular. Additionally, based on the depolarization ratios (Dp < 0.75), the prominent Raman peaks of LAC were found to originate from totally sym- metric vibrations. For the G peak, the depolarization ratio was measured to be in the range 0.46–0.56 for all LAC materials.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1115-1122
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Raman Spectroscopy
Issue number6
Early online date2021 May 5
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jun 1

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics

Free keywords

  • Light absorbing carbon (LAC)
  • soot
  • carbon black
  • Polarization


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