Polystyrene (PS) blends containing a dispersed phase of either polyamide-6 (PA-6) or polyamide-12 (PA-12) were compatibilized by additions of 1, 3, or 5 wt % poly(styrene-graft-ethylene oxide). The graft copolymers were found to have a stabilizing effect on the domain sizes. Weight average radii of PA-6 domains in compression molded samples were reduced by a factor of 5 with 3 wt % graft copolymer added. The corresponding size reduction for PA-12 domains was by a factor of 3. Also, the domain sizes were more uniformly distributed in blends containing the graft copolymers. Thermal analysis of the blends revealed that compatibilization retarded the PA crystallization, with some PA crystallizing at the PS glass transition. This retarded crystallization is explained as a result of the domain size reduction and by the presence of graft copolymer at the interface. The graft copolymers had a toughening effect on the blends and the impact strength of a PS/PA-12 blend was improved by 65% by adding 3 wt % of graft copolymer. Binary blends of the PA and poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) were investigated in a separate study to verify miscibility of the graft copolymer side chains and the PA. Hydrogen bonding between PA-6 and PEO was confirmed by IR spectroscopy and partial miscibility was indicated by melting point depressions.
Bibliographical noteThe information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015.
The record was previously connected to the following departments: Polymer and Materials Chemistry (LTH) (011001041)
Subject classification (UKÄ)
- Chemical Sciences