Predicting the Redshift of γ-Ray-loud AGNs Using Supervised Machine Learning

Maria Giovanna Dainotti, Malgorzata Bogdan, Aditya Narendra, Spencer James Gibson, Blazej Miasojedow, Ioannis Liodakis, Agnieszka Pollo, Trevor Nelson, Kamil Wozniak, Zooey Nguyen, Johan Larsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Active galactic nuclei (AGNs) are very powerful galaxies characterized by extremely bright emissions coming from their central massive black holes. Knowing the redshifts of AGNs provides us with an opportunity to determine their distance to investigate important astrophysical problems, such as the evolution of the early stars and their formation, along with the structure of early galaxies. The redshift determination is challenging because it requires detailed follow-up of multiwavelength observations, often involving various astronomical facilities. Here we employ machine-learning algorithms to estimate redshifts from the observed γ-ray properties and photometric data of γ-ray-loud AGNs from the Fourth Fermi-LAT Catalog. The prediction is obtained with the Superlearner algorithm using a LASSO-selected set of predictors. We obtain a tight correlation, with a Pearson correlation coefficient of 71.3% between the inferred and observed redshifts and an average Δz norm = 11.6 10-4. We stress that, notwithstanding the small sample of γ-ray-loud AGNs, we obtain a reliable predictive model using Superlearner, which is an ensemble of several machine-learning models.

Original languageEnglish
Article number118
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Oct 20

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology


Dive into the research topics of 'Predicting the Redshift of γ-Ray-loud AGNs Using Supervised Machine Learning'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this