Predicting wear mechanisms of ultra-hard tooling in machining Ti6Al4V by diffusion couples and simulation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Conventional cemented carbide is recommended for machining Ti6Al4V. However, polycrystalline diamond (PCD) and polycrystalline cubic boron nitride (pcBN) also show promise. Demands for higher productivity accelerate diffusional dissolution and chemically driven wear mechanisms in these tool materials. This study investigates active wear mechanisms by studying the interactions between Ti6Al4V and PCD, pcBN, and cemented carbide tools in diffusion couples at temperatures from 900° to 1300°C. All tool materials suffered from diffusion to varying degrees, and different chemical reactions occurred. Titanium carbide with minor vanadium alloying (Ti,V)C reaction products act as diffusion barriers when using PCD and cemented carbide, while the reaction products acting as diffusion barrier in pcBN is (Ti,V)B2. The presence of Mo and W in binder sites of pcBN reduces diffusional dissolution of cBN. Diffusion simulations agreed well with microscopy investigations and were enabled by the known temperature and pressure conditions of the static diffusion couples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291-303
JournalJournal of the European Ceramic Society
Issue number2
Early online date2022
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Metallurgy and Metallic Materials


  • Cemented carbide
  • Diffusion couple
  • pcBN
  • PCD
  • Ti6Al4V


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