Pre-treatment serum levels of sCD163 were measured in a cohort of 236 suspected tuberculosis (TB) cases from Guinea-Bissau, with a median follow-up period of 3.3 years (range 0-6.4 years). In 113 cases, the diagnosis of TB was verified by positive sputum microscopy and/or culture. Among the verified TB cases, a decreased survival rate was found in 27 patients with sCD163 levels above the upper reference limit (3.95 mu g/mL). The difference in survival was significant during TB treatment (log rank, p < 0.02) and after long-term follow-up (log rank, p < 0.001). The decrease in survival rate during TB treatment remained significant in a multivariate Cox model controlling for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) status, age and gender, with a mortality increase of 1.19 (95% CI, 1.04-1.36) per mu g of sCD163, and a hazard ratio (HR) for sCD163 levels above the upper reference limit of 4.18 (95% CI, 1.06-16.4). The difference was not significant after excluding patients with concomitant HIV-1 and HIV-2 infection in Kaplan-Meier analyses (log rank, p 0.11). In contrast, the difference in survival remained significant in Kaplan-Meier analyses after long-term follow-up, even after excluding patients with concomitant HIV-1 and HIV-2 infection (log rank, p 0.002). In the Cox model, the mortality increase per mu g of sCD163 was 1.27 (95% CI, 1.14-1.40), with an HR for elevated sCD163 levels of 2.85 (95% CI, 1.44-5.63). The HRs for concomitant HIV-1 and HIV-2 infection were 6.92 (95% CI, 3.28-14.58) and 2.48 (95% CI, 1.09-5.67), respectively. Thus, sCD163 levels appeared to be an independent predictor of survival in verified TB patients.
Subject classification (UKÄ)
- Microbiology in the medical area
- prognostic marker
- human immunodeficiency virus