Here we present data to demonstrate how partitioning of a hydrophilic enzyme can be directed to the hydrophobic detergent-enriched phase of an aqueous two-phase system by addition of short stretches of amino acid residues to the protein molecule. The target enzyme was the industrially important endoglucanase I, EGI (endo-1,4-beta-D-glucan-4-glucanohydrolase, EC 184.108.40.206, Cel7B) of Trichoderma reesei. We investigated the partitioning of three EGI variants containing various C-terminal peptide extensions including Trp-Pro motifs of different lengths and localizations. Additionally, a recently developed system composed of the thermoseparating copolymer HM-EOPO was utilized to study the effects of fusion tags. The addition of peptides containing tryptohan residues enhanced the partitioning of EGI to the HM-EOPO-rich phase. The system composed of a nonionic detergent (Agrimul NRE1205) resulted in the highest partition coefficient (K = 31) and yield (90%) with the construct EGI(core-P5)(WP)(4) containing (Trp-Pro)(4) after a short linker stretch. A recombinant strain of T. reesei Rut-C30 for large-scale production was constructed in which the fusion protein EGI(core-P5)(WP)(4) was expressed from the strong promoter of the cellulase gene cbh1. The fusion protein was successfully expressed and secreted from the fungus during shake-flask cultivations. Cultivation in a 28-L bioreactor however, revealed that the fusion protein is sensitive to proteases. Consequently, only low production levels were obtained in large-scale production trials.
Subject classification (UKÄ)
- Biological Sciences