Prime Rigid Graphs and Multidimensional Scaling with Missing Data

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingPaper in conference proceedingpeer-review


In this paper we investigate the problem of embedding a number of points given certain (but typically not all) inter-pair distance measurements. This problem is relevant for multi-dimensional scaling problems with missing data, and is applicable within anchor-free sensor network node calibration and anchor-free node localization using radio or sound TOA measurements. There are also applications within chemistry for deducing molecular 3D structure given inter-atom distance measurements and within machine learning and visualization of data, where only similarity measures between sample points are provided. The problem has been studied previously within the field of rigid graph theory. Our aim is here to construct numerically stable and efficient solvers for finding all embeddings of such minimal rigid graphs. The method is based on the observation that all graphs are either irreducibly rigid, here called prime rigid graphs, or contain smaller rigid graphs. By solving the embedding problem for the prime rigid graphs and for ways of assembling such graphs to other minimal rigid graphs, we show how to (i) calculate the number of embeddings and (ii) construct numerically stable and efficient algorithms for obtaining all embeddings given inter-node measurements. The solvers are verified with experiments on simulated data.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPattern Recognition (ICPR), 2014 22nd International Conference on
PublisherIEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event22nd International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR 2014) - Stockholm, Sweden
Duration: 2014 Aug 242014 Aug 28
Conference number: 22

Publication series

ISSN (Print)1051-4651


Conference22nd International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR 2014)

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Mathematics
  • Computer Vision and Robotics (Autonomous Systems)


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