Privacy, Surveillance and Digital Trust in the American Case

Debora Halbert

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterPopular science

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While generally kept out of sight, government surveillance ostensibly to ensure the security of the state from threats (both foreign and domestic) is a hallmark of the American national security state. What types of surveillance are legally allowable is constantly contested as new technologies emerge that must be tested against American constitutional principles and international law. In the wake of the Snowden revelations about the depth and scope of government spying, new concerns regarding protection of personal data have emerged and eroded trust in American government as well as private entities that have collaborated either willingly or unwillingly with the government.

In the face of persistent and extensive data surveillance, what protections exist for personal privacy? This chapter discusses this question in terms of the difference between 'privacy by policy' and 'privacy by design', and argues that, given recent development, privacy by policy is necessary but not sufficient.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDigiTrust: Tillit i det digitala. Tvärvetenskapliga perspektiv från ett forskningsprojekt
EditorsStefan Larsson, Per Runeson
PublisherPufendorfinstitutet, Lunds universitet
ISBN (Print)978-91-979893-6-7
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
  • Information Systems, Social aspects


  • Privacy by policy
  • privacy by design
  • NSA
  • surveillance


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