To study the biochemistry of processing of a soluble protein Ag by an APC, we investigated how 125 I-labeled human insulin (HI) is processed in situ by TA3 mouse hybridoma B cells. Fractionation of TA3 cells into their extracellular, plasma membrane-associated and intracellular compartments coupled with the use of HPLC enabled us to analyze several peptides derived from each compartment. One HI peptide found in all three compartments is composed of residues A1-A14 disulfide-linked to B7-B26 (A1-A14/B7-B26). The presence of this peptide in the extracellular compartment likely resulted from digestion of HI by an enzyme(s) released from the APC. Extracellular processing of radiolabeled HI was inhibited completely by unlabeled HI and N-ethylmaleimide, an inhibitor of a previously described insulin-specific protease, partially by lysozyme but not by BSA or OVA. This suggests that the enzyme involved in the extracellular processing of insulin is relatively insulin-specific and gives rise to the A1-A14/B7-B26 peptide. The processing of HI both at the plasma membrane and intracellularly was inhibited by chloroquine, monensin, and NH 4 Cl, suggesting that both intracellular pH changes and endocytic and exocytic events may be required for these compartments to process insulin. Kinetic analyses revealed that the processing of insulin into the A1-A14/B7-B26 peptide is first detected at the plasma membrane then intracellularly and finally in the extracellular compartment. This unlabeled A1-A14/B7-B26 peptide was purified from the extracellular compartment of TA3 APC by HPLC; when presented by TA3 APC this peptide effectively stimulated pork insulin (PI/I-A(d)) specific Th cells to secrete IL-2. These data, taken together with the identification of another processed insulin peptide, A7-A11/B7-B26, have enabled uas to elucidate the first steps in the biochemical pathway(s) of processing of insulin as an Ag in a B cell APC.
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 1989 Jan 1|
Subject classification (UKÄ)
- Immunology in the medical area