Prognostic Value of Early Sustained Ventricular Arrhythmias in ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Treated by Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: A Substudy of VALIDATE-SWEDEHEART Trial

Marina M. Demidova, Rebecca Rylance, Sasha Koul, Christian Dworeck, Stefan James, Mikael Aasa, Mehmet Hamid, Eva Swahn, Kristina Hambraeus, Mikael Danielewicz, Rikard Linder, Ole Fröbert, Per Grimfjärd, Jason Stewart, Loghman Henareh, Jonas Andersson, Henrik Wagner, David Erlinge, Pyotr G. Platonov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Prognostic assessment of ventricular tachycardia (VT) or ventricular fibrillation (VF) in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is based mainly on distinguishing between early (<48 hours) and late arrhythmias, and does not take into account its time distribution with regard to reperfusion, or type of arrhythmia. Objective: We analyzed the prognostic value of early ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) in STEMI with regard to their type and timing. Methods: The prespecified analysis of the multicenter prospective Bivalirudin versus Heparin in ST-Segment and Non-ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarctionin Patients on Modern Antiplatelet Therapy in the Swedish Web System for Enhancement and Development of Evidence-based Care in Heart Disease evaluated according to Recommended Therapies Registry Trial included 2886 STEMI patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). VA episodes were characterized regarding their type and timing. Survival status at 180 days was assessed through the population registry. Results: Nonmonomorphic VT or VF was observed in 97 (3.4%) and monomorphic VT in 16 (0.5%) patients. Only 3 (2.7%) early VA episodes occurred after 24 hours from symptom onset. VA was associated with higher risk of death (hazard ratio 3.59; 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.01–6.42) after adjustment for age, sex, and STEMI localization. VA after PCI was associated with an increased mortality compared with VA before PCI (hazard ratio 6.68; 95% CI 2.90–15.41). Early VA was associated with in-hospital mortality (odds ratio 7.39; 95% CI 3.68–14.83) but not with long-term prognosis in patients discharged alive. The type of VA was not associated with mortality. Conclusion: VA after PCI was associated with an increased mortality compared with VA before PCI. Long-term prognosis did not differ between patients with monomorphic VT and nonmonomorphic VT or VF, but events were few. VA incidence during 24 to 48 hours of STEMI is negligibly low, thus precluding assessment of its prognostic importance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)200-206
JournalHeart Rhythm O2
Volume4
Issue number3
Early online date2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems

Free keywords

  • Monomorphic ventricular tachycardia
  • PCI
  • STEMI
  • Ventricular arrhythmias
  • Ventricular fibrillation

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