Promoting sustainable travel behaviour through the use of smartphone applications: A review and development of a conceptual model

Alfred Andersson, Lena Hiselius, Emeli Adell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The negative effects of transport in terms of pollution, congestion and climate change has urged the need for higher shares of cleaner and more efficient modes of transport, especially in urban settings. While new technology
can solve some of these issues, behaviour changes has also been identified as an important factor to achieve a modal shift from cars to walking, cycling or public transport. This study investigates how ICT has been used to influence behaviour change and synthesizes key aspects into a conceptual model for creating a behaviour change support system (BCSS) for smartphone applications. A literature review concerning behaviour change and ICT in the fields of transport, health, energy and climate was conducted to gather empirical evidence which
forms the foundation of the conceptual model. The empirical findings were tested and verified against a theoretical
framework consisted of The Transtheoretical Model, Theory of Planned Behaviour, Diffusion of Innovations and the concept of Gamification. The results suggest that customization to the user, relevant and contextualised information and feedback, commitment, and appealing design are important aspects when influencing users to behaviour change through smartphone applications. The conceptual model provides further knowledge of key aspects to consider when developing persuasive tools that aims to encourage more sustainable
modes of transport.
Original languageEnglish
Article number11
Pages (from-to)52-61
Number of pages10
JournalTravel Behaviour and Society
Issue number2018
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 11

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Engineering and Technology
  • Transport Systems and Logistics

Free keywords

  • Sustainable mobility
  • Travel behaviour
  • ICT Smartphone applications
  • Behaviour change

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