Public Transport in Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania.

Ahmad Kanyama, Annika Carlsson-Kanyama, Anna-Lisa Lindén

    Research output: Book/ReportReportResearch


    The study which was conducted from January 2003 to December 2004 was to yield a specific knowledge about the technical and institutional problems, challenges and opportunities in planning for sustainable urban transportation. Before reaching this stage, it was necessary to get a clear picture the problem, and this showed that the performance of public transportation in Dar-es-Salaam in terms of social, economic and environmental aspects was distressing. The existing public transport system is characterized by: i) congestion and delays; ii) excessive gaseous emissions from vehicles; iii) increasing road accidents; iv) inadequate road infrastructure; v) poor vehicle standard; vi) poor infrastructure for non-motorised modes; vii) low bus fares insufficient to cover operating costs and (viii) uncomfortable and unsafe customer services.
    The report examines the actual problems and conditions of traveling in Dar-es-Salaam from interviews with different groups and classes of people in the neighborhoods which included women, pupils, parents, older persons and disabled people. The examination included the question of vehicular air pollution and the historical and dynamic changes of public transportation in terms of quality since when it was introduced in Dar-es-Salaam in 1949.
    The report surveys strategic approaches applied and examines various mechanisms of interventions to solve the problems by stakeholders in the public transportation sector, namely institutions, agencies and private operators.
    Original languageEnglish
    Number of pages175
    VolumeDnr 1123
    Publication statusPublished - 2004

    Publication series

    NameFOI MEMO
    VolumeDnr 1123
    ISSN (Print)1404-6520
    ISSN (Electronic)1651-0216

    Subject classification (UKÄ)

    • Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)


    • sociology
    • public transport
    • land use planning
    • planning system
    • planning
    • sociologi


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