Quantifying Bulk Electrode Strain and Material Displacement within Lithium Batteries via High-Speed Operando Tomography and Digital Volume Correlation

Donal P Finegan, Erika Tudisco, Mario Scheel, James B. Robinson, Oluwadamilola O. Taiwo, David S. Eastwood, Peter D. Lee, Marco Di Michiel, Brian Bay, Stephen Hall, Gareth Hinds, Dan J. L. Brett, Paul R. Shearing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Tracking the dynamic morphology of active materials during operation of lithium batteries is essential for identifying causes of performance loss. Digital volume correlation (DVC) is applied to high-speed operando synchrotron X-ray computed tomography of a commercial Li/MnO2 primary battery during discharge. Real-time electrode material displacement is captured in 3D allowing degradation mechanisms such as delamination of the electrode from the current collector and electrode crack formation to be identified. Continuum DVC of consecutive images during discharge is used to quantify local displacements and strains in 3D throughout discharge, facilitating tracking of the progression of swelling due to lithiation within the electrode material in a commercial, spiral-wound battery during normal operation. Displacement of the rigid current collector and cell materials contribute to severe electrode detachment and crack formation during discharge, which is monitored by a separate DVC approach. Use of time-lapse X-ray computed tomography coupled with DVC is thus demonstrated as an effective diagnostic technique to identify causes of performance loss within commercial lithium batteries; this novel approach is expected to guide the development of more effective commercial cell designs.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAdvanced Science
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Other Chemical Engineering

Free keywords

  • degradation
  • digital volume correlation
  • lithium batteries
  • operando imaging
  • X-ray computed tomography

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