Raman-shifted laser sources suitable for differential-absorption lidar measurements of ozone in the troposphere

M. J. T Milton, G Ancellet, A Apituley, J Bosenberg, W Carnuth, F Castagnoli, T Trickl, Hans Edner, L Stefanutti, T Schaberl, A Sunesson, C Weitkamp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Measurements have been performed at eight laboratories on Raman-shifted radiation from frequency-quadrupled Nd:YAG and KrF lasers. Each of these sources is a possible candidate for making differential-absorption lidar measurements of ozone in the free troposphere. The spectral purity, efficiency and divergence of the different sources are compared and explained using a simplified model of the Raman interaction. Particular attention has been given to the use of buffer gases to optimize the Raman gain and divergence. The experimental results show that the operating conditions required to optimize the output energy of each of these types of laser source can be quite different. In the case of the KrF laser, it has been shown that high energies can be generated at low active gas pressures, and that increasing the pressure increases the beam quality, but decreases the energy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-113
JournalApplied Physics B
Volume66
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics

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