Recombinant α 1-Microglobulin (rA1M) Protects against Hematopoietic and Renal Toxicity, Alone and in Combination with Amino Acids, in a 177Lu-DOTATATE Mouse Radiation Model.

Abdul Ghani Alattar, Amanda Kristiansson, Helena Karlsson, Suvi Vallius, Jonas Ahlstedt, Eva Forssell-Aronsson, Bo Åkerström, Sven-Erik Strand, Johan Flygare, Magnus Gram

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

177Lu-DOTATATE peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) is used clinically to treat metastasized or unresectable neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). Although 177Lu-DOTATATE is mostly well tolerated in patients, bone marrow suppression and long-term renal toxicity are still side effects that should be considered. Amino acids are often used to minimize renal radiotoxicity, however, they are associated with nausea and vomiting in patients. α 1-microglobulin (A1M) is an antioxidant with heme- and radical-scavenging abilities. A recombinant form (rA1M) has previously been shown to be renoprotective in preclinical models, including in PRRT-induced kidney damage. Here, we further investigated rA1M's renal protective effect in a mouse 177Lu-DOTATATE model in terms of administration route and dosing regimen and as a combined therapy with amino acids (Vamin). Moreover, we investigated the protective effect of rA1M on peripheral blood and bone marrow cells, as well as circulatory biomarkers. Intravenous (i.v.) administration of rA1M reduced albuminuria levels and circulatory levels of the oxidative stress-related protein fibroblast growth factor-21 (FGF-21). Dual injections of rA1M (i.e., at 0 and 24 h post- 177Lu-DOTATATE administration) preserved bone marrow cellularity and peripheral blood reticulocytes. Administration of Vamin, alone or in combination with rA1M, did not show any protection of bone marrow cellularity or peripheral reticulocytes. In conclusion, this study suggests that rA1M, administered i.v. for two consecutive days in conjunction with 177Lu-DOTATATE, may reduce hematopoietic and kidney toxicity during PRRT with 177Lu-DOTATATE.

Original languageEnglish
Article number923
Pages (from-to)1-13
JournalBiomolecules
Volume13
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Jun 1

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Pharmacology and Toxicology

Free keywords

  • Mice
  • Animals
  • Octreotide/pharmacology
  • Kidney/metabolism
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Amino Acids/pharmacology
  • Organometallic Compounds/pharmacology

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