Recruitment, retention and resignation among Non-Career Firefighters

Emelie Lantz, Marcus Runefors

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The purpose of this paper is to provide a review of literature about recruitment, retention and resignation among non-career firefighters. Design/methodology/approach: A systematic review was conducted to identify factors associated with the recruitment, retention and resignation of non-career firefighters. The authors divided the results into three topics and four levels for further analysis. Findings: 27 articles are included in the review. Most research addresses retention at an organizational level and indicates a link between job satisfaction and factors such as supervisor support, recognition and close relationships within the workgroup. Further, a recurring reason that contributes to resignations seems to be family related (e.g. partner disapproval). Research limitations/implications: There is a lack of European and Asian research into non-career firefighters. The included research papers generally have low response rates and the sample is often mostly male and Caucasians from a limited area. Practical implications: The identified factors offer deeper understanding and can help practitioners in their pursuit of the sustainable retention of non-career firefighters. Originality/value: Because securing adequate numbers of non-career firefighters is important, there is a need to synthesize current evidence to identify and further understand which factors contribute to retention. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first systematic review to synthesize such evidence about non-career firefighters.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-39
JournalInternational Journal of Emergency Services
Issue number1
Early online date2020 Jan 1
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Economics and Business
  • Applied Psychology
  • Other Engineering and Technologies

Free keywords

  • Firefighter
  • Non-career
  • Recruitment
  • Resignation
  • Retention
  • Volunteer


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