Refugee livelihoods in Egypt and Lebanon

Helen Avery, Rafah Barhoum, Samir Shalabi, Nihal Halimeh

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Beyond conventional relief efforts, gaining a more detailed picture of constraints, resources and risks encountered by refugees as well as of the meaning differing circumstances have for the concerned individuals may serve as a basis for developing more organised and collective responses to ensure social security in conditions of forced displacement and migration.
Syrian refugees live very diverse situations, depending on access to social, financial and educational capital, as well as on their religion. Nevertheless, findings suggest that macro-scales policies have driven a large proportion of the interviewed Syrians into informality, and into situations of great personal insecurity. Particularly in Lebanon, policies primarily aim to restrict movement, control the refugees, and avoid permanent settlement by restrictive regulations concerning work. The Syrian community that was studied in Egypt appeared to be in a somewhat better situation. Despite restrictions on movement, lack of services, poor quality of education and poverty, Syrians had started small businesses, and functioned openly as a community. Also here, however, longer term perspectives were lacking.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2018
EventWorld Congress for Middle Eastern Studies 2018 - University of Seville, Seville, Spain
Duration: 2018 Jul 162018 Jul 22


ConferenceWorld Congress for Middle Eastern Studies 2018
Abbreviated titleWOCMES 2018
Internet address

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • International Migration and Ethnic Relations
  • Social and Economic Geography

Free keywords

  • livelihoods
  • refugees
  • Lebanon
  • Egypt
  • mobility
  • refugee economies


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