Reliability, timeliness and load reduction at the edge for cloud gaming

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Abstract

In this paper we study reliability, timeliness and load reduction in an hybrid Mobile Edge Computing (MEC)/Cloud game streaming infrastructure. In our scenario, a user plays a game streamed by the producer to their handheld device -- or User Equipment (UE). The UE communicates user actions to the edge/cloud via the mobile communication infrastructure; the object is to retrieve the latest game status, of which the most important information is the rendered frame. Particularly, we study reliability through replication in a number of MEC-servers, timeliness through Age of Information (AoI) and load reduction by leveraging the X2 interface at the edge, in order to abort useless frame rendering computations. We translate it as a scenario where a sink -- representing the UE -- is interested in the freshest possible update from distributed nodes. Each node sends updates following a Last Come First Served (LCFS) policy with preemption. We consider two scenarios; the first is $n$ parallel LCFS systems sending updates, and the second adds a feedback loop aimed at decreasing the number of jobs sent per second by the nodes, thus decreasing the load per node. We analyze the number of jobs sent per second and average peak Age of Information at the sink, showing that the second scheme achieves a significantly lower rate of jobs compared with the first, while maintaining constant AoI, thus reducing the load at the edge. We also find that using the feedback loop, we achieve the maximum saving in transmitted jobs per second when the average arrival rate per system is equal to the inverse of the average busy time in every node.
Translated title of the contributionTillförlitlighet, latensvärden och lastreduktion vig nätverkets rand för spel i molnet
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Performance Computing and Communications Conference
Place of PublicationPiscataway
PublisherIEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-7281-1025-7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Event38th IEEE International Performance Computing and Communications Conference, IPPCCC 2019 - London, United Kingdom
Duration: 2019 Oct 292019 Oct 31

Conference

Conference38th IEEE International Performance Computing and Communications Conference, IPPCCC 2019
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom
CityLondon
Period2019/10/292019/10/31

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Communication Systems

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