Reoperation-free survival after hip screws or hip arthroplasty for undisplaced femoral neck fractures in the elderly a nationwide population-based cohort study of 3,909 patients

O. Wolf, T. Ghukasyan Lakic, J. Ljungdahl, J. Sundkvist, M. Möller, C. Rogmark, S. Mukka, N. P. Hailer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aims Our primary aim was to assess reoperation-free survival at one year after the index injury in patients aged ≥ 75 years treated with internal fixation (IF) or arthroplasty for undis-placed femoral neck fractures (uFNFs). Secondary outcomes were reoperations and mortality analyzed separately. Methods We retrieved data on all patients aged ≥ 75 years with an uFNF registered in the Swedish Fracture Register from 2011 to 2018. The database was linked to the Swedish Arthroplasty Register and the National Patient Register to obtain information on comorbidity, mortality, and reoperations. Our primary outcome, reoperation, or death at one year was analyzed using restricted mean survival time, which gives the mean time to either event for each group separately. Results Overall, 3,909 patients presenting with uFNFs were included. Of these patients, 3,604 were treated with IF and 305 with primary arthroplasty. There were no relevant differences in age, sex, or comorbidities between groups. In the IF group 58% received cannulated screws and 39% hook pins. In the arthroplasty group 81% were treated with hemiarthroplasty and 19% with total hip arthroplasty. At one year, 32% were dead or had been reoperated in both groups. The reoperation-free survival time over one year of follow-up was 288 days (95% confidence interval (CI) 284 to 292) in the IF group and 279 days (95% CI 264 to 295) in the arthroplasty group, with p = 0.305 for the difference. Mortality was 26% in the IF group and 31% in the arthroplasty group at one year. Reoperation rates were 7.1% in the IF group and 2.3% in the arthroplasty group. Conclusion In older patients with a uFNF, reoperation-free survival at one year seems similar, regardless of whether IF or arthroplasty is the primary surgery. However, this comparison depends on the choice of follow-up time in that reoperations were more common after IF. In contrast, we found more early deaths after arthroplasty. Our study calls for a randomized trial comparing these two methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-93
Number of pages7
JournalBone and Joint Open
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Orthopedics

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