Resonant Laser Techniques for Combustion and Flow Diagnostics

Rolf Fritzon

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)


This thesis presents results from two areas of research. Firstly, the resonant coherent laser techniques polarization spectroscopy (PS), degenerate four-wave mixing (DFWM) and stimulated emission (SE) have been developed in the general field of combustion diagnostics. Secondly, laser induced fluorescence (LIF) has been developed and applied for the visualization of mixture fractions in turbulent nonreacting flows.

PS was developed for instantaneous two-dimensional imaging of minor species in flames, the technique being demonstrated on OH and NO. Various aspects of imaging and of detection in general were investigated. Two-photon induced PS was demonstrated for the detection of NH3, CO and N2 molecules. LIF was monitored simultaneously to allow a quantitative comparison between the techniques. Furthermore, PS and DFWM were developed for instantaneous two-dimensional OH temperature imaging. Through a novel experimental approach based on the use of a dual-wavelength dye laser and a diffraction grating the temperature imaging measurements were performed using only one laser and one CCD camera. A comparison between the two techniques was made. SE was through a crossed-beam arrangement developed for spatially resolved detection of flame species.

Two-dimensional LIF was developed and applied for measuring mixture fractions in the shear layer between two co-flowing turbulent gaseous jets. The technique was further applied in a study of the mixing of a turbulent water jet impinging orthogonally onto a flat surface. Average concentration fields in the center-plane of the jet was compared with results from large eddy simulations and with data from literature.
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • Combustion Physics
  • [unknown], [unknown], Supervisor, External person
Award date1998 May 29
ISBN (Print)91-628-2957-2
Publication statusPublished - 1998

Bibliographical note

Defence details

Date: 1998-05-29
Time: 10:15
Place: Dept. of Physics, Professorsg. 1, Hörsal B

External reviewer(s)

Name: Taran, J.P.E.
Title: Prof
Affiliation: Office National d'Études et de Recherches Aérospatiales, France


Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics


  • species
  • laser diagnostic techniques
  • temperature imaging
  • polarization spectroscopy
  • stimulated emission
  • DFWM
  • Fysik
  • Physics
  • turbulent mixing
  • LIF
  • Fysicumarkivet A:1998:Fritzon


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